Sunday, March 23, 2014

Spelling - 4th Quarter


SPELLING
4th Quarter

1. asun·der\ə-ˈsən-dər\
adverb or adjective
: into parts
Full Definition
1 : into parts
2 : apart from each other in position
Examples
the environmental organization was torn asunder by bitter rivalries
First use: 14th century


2. bureaucratese - noun \ˌbyu̇r-ə-(ˌ)kra-ˈtēz, -ˈtēs, ˌbyər-\
                               -  a style of language held to be characteristic of bureaucrats and
                                     marked by abstractions, jargon, euphemisms, and
                                    circumlocutions


3. con·spic·u·ous\kən-ˈspi-kyə-wəs, -kyü-əs\
adjective
: very easy to see or notice
: attracting attention by being great or impressive
Full Definition
1 : obvious to the eye or mind
2 : attracting attention : striking
3 : marked by a noticeable violation of good taste
synonyms see noticeable
con·spic·u·ous·ly adverb
con·spic·u·ous·ness \-nəs\ noun
Examples
the seven-foot-tall basketball player is conspicuous in any crowd
conspicuous bureaucratic waste that drives taxpayers crazy
Origin: Latin conspicuus, from conspicere to get sight of, from com- + specere to look — more at spy.
First use: circa 1534
Synonyms: arresting, bodacious, bold, brilliant, catchy, commanding, noticeable, dramatic, emphatic, eye-catching, flamboyant, grabby, kenspeckle [chiefly Scottish], marked, noisy, prominent, pronounced, remarkable, showy, splashy, striking
Antonyms: inconspicuous, unemphatic, unflamboyant, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable, unshowy


4. di·a·dem\ˈdī-ə-ˌdem, -dəm\
noun
: a crown that is worn especially by a king or queen as a symbol of royalty
Full Definition
1 a : crown 2; specifically : a royal headband
b : crown 6a(1)
2 : something that adorns like a crown
Examples
Miss America's diadem was auctioned off for charity
Origin: Middle English diademe, from Anglo-French, from Latin diadema, from Greek diadēma, from diadein to bind around, from dia- + dein to bind; akin to Sanskrit dāman rope.
First use: 13th century
Synonyms: chaplet, coronal (also coronel), coronet, crown


5. en·deav·or\in-ˈde-vər\
: to seriously or continually try to do(something)
Full Definition
transitive verb
1 archaic : to strive to achieve or reach
2 : to attempt (as the fulfillment of an obligation) by exertion of effort
intransitive verb
: to work with set purpose
synonyms see attempt
Other forms: en·deav·ored; en·deav·or·ing \-v(ə-)riŋ\
Origin: Middle English endeveren to exert oneself, from en- + dever duty — more at devoir.
First use: 15th century
Synonyms: bang away, beaver (away), dig (away), drudge, labor, fag, grub, hump, hustle, moil, peg (away), plod, plow, plug, slave, slog, strain, strive, struggle, sweat, toil, travail, tug, work


6. fru·ition\frü-ˈi-shən\
noun
: the state of being real or complete
Full Definition
1 : pleasurable use or possession : enjoyment
2 a : the state of bearing fruit
b : realization
Examples
when she landed the lead in a Broadway play, a lifelong dream was brought to fruition
Origin: Middle English fruicioun, from Anglo-French or Late Latin; Anglo-French fruicion, from Late Latin fruition-, fruitio, from Latin frui (see 1fruit ).
First use: 15th century
Synonyms: accomplishment, achievement, actuality, actualization, attainment, consummation, fulfillment (or fulfilment), pass, realization
Antonyms: naught (also nought), nonfulfillment


7. gal·lant·ry\ˈga-lən-trē\
noun
: very brave behavior
: polite attention shown by a man to a woman
Full Definition
1 archaic : gallant appearance
2 a : an act of marked courtesy
b : courteous attention to a lady
c : amorous attention or pursuit
3 : spirited and conspicuous bravery
Other forms: plural gal·lant·ries
Examples
commended the rescuers for their gallantry
First use: 1613
Synonyms: bottle [British slang], bravery, courageousness, daring, daringness, dauntlessness, doughtiness, fearlessness, courage, greatheartedness, guts, gutsiness, hardihood, heart, heroism, intestinal fortitude, intrepidity, intrepidness, moxie, nerve, pecker [chiefly British], prowess, stoutness, valor, virtue
Antonyms: cowardice, cowardliness, cravenness, dastardliness, poltroonery, spinelessness


8. hi·a·tus\hī-ˈā-təs\
noun
: a period of time when something (such as an activity or program) is stopped
Full Definition
1 a : a break in or as if in a material object : gap  
b : a gap or passage in an anatomical part or organ
2 a : an interruption in time or continuity : break; especially : a period when something (as a program or activity) is suspended or interrupted  
b : the occurrence of two vowel sounds without pause or intervening consonantal sound
Examples
steam was rising from an hiatus in the ground
a hiatus in the law which prevented the district attorney from prosecuting the offenders
a three-year hiatus before the fifth book in the series appeared
Origin: Latin, from hiare to yawn — more at yawn.
First use: 1563
Synonyms: breach, break, discontinuity, gulf, gap, hole, interstice, interval, opening, rent, rift, separation, void
Antonyms: continuation, continuity



9. in·ac·ces·si·ble\ˌi-nik-ˈse-sə-bəl, (ˌ)i-ˌnak-\
adjective
: difficult or impossible to reach, approach, or understand : not accessible
Full Definition
: not accessible
in·ac·ces·si·bil·i·ty \-ˌse-sə-ˈbi-lə-tē\ noun
in·ac·ces·si·bly \-ˈse-sə-blē\ adverb
Examples
the tumor is centered in an inaccessible part of the brain
Origin: Middle English, from Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French, from Late Latin inaccessibilis, from Latin in- + Late Latin accessibilis accessible.
First use: 15th century
Synonyms: inapproachable, inconvenient, unapproachable, unattainable, unavailable, unobtainable, unreachable, untouchable
Antonyms: accessible, acquirable, approachable, attainable, convenient, getatable, handy, obtainable, procurable, reachable



10. ka·lei·do·scope\kə-ˈlī-də-ˌskōp\
noun
: a tube that has mirrors and loose pieces of colored glass or plastic inside at one end so that you see many different patterns when you turn the tube while looking in through the other end
: a changing pattern or scene
: a mixture of many different things
Full Definition
1 : an instrument containing loose bits of colored material (as glass or plastic) between two flat plates and two plane mirrors so placed that changes of position of the bits of material are reflected in an endless variety of patterns
2 : something resembling a kaleidoscope: as
a : a variegated changing pattern or scene  
b : a succession of changing phases or actions  
c : a diverse collection
ka·lei·do·scop·ic \-ˌlī-də-ˈskä-pik\ adjective
ka·lei·do·scop·i·cal·ly \-pi-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
Origin: Greek kalos beautiful + eidos form + English -scope — more at idyll.
First use: 1817



11. liaise - intransitive verb \lē-ˈāz\
                     -  to make it possible for two organizations or groups to work
                        together and provide information to each other : to act as a liaison



12. mai·son·ette\ˌmā-zə-ˈnet, -sə-\
noun
1 : a small house
2 : an apartment often on two floors
Origin: French maisonnette, from Old French, diminutive of maison house, from Latin mansion-, mansio dwelling place — more at mansion.
First use: 1785


13. nou·veau\nü-ˈvō\
adjective
: newly arrived or developed
Origin: French, from Middle French novel.
First use: 1828


14.pres·ti·gious\pre-ˈsti-jəs, -ˈstē- also prə-\
adjective
1 archaic : of, relating to, or marked by illusion, conjuring, or trickery
2 : having prestige : honored
pres·ti·gious·ly adverb
pres·ti·gious·ness noun
Examples
a nutritional study that has been published by a prestigious medical journal
the most prestigious social club in town
Origin: Latin praestigiosus, from praestigiae.
First use: 1546
Synonyms: esteemed, estimable, name, respectable, recognized, reputable, reputed, respected
Antonyms: disreputable


15. qui·etus\kwī-ˈē-təs, -ˈā-\
noun
1 : final settlement (as of a debt)
2 : removal from activity; especially : death
3 : something that quiets or represses
Examples
was granted a quietus on the remainder of the debt in the old man's will
her unshakable belief in a blissful afterlife allowed her to meet her quietus without the slightest tinge of fear or regret
Origin: Middle English quietus est, from Medieval Latin, he is quit, formula of discharge from obligation.
First use: 1540
Synonyms: delivery, discharge, release, quittance
Antonyms: birth, nativity


16. rhap·so·dy\ˈrap-sə-dē\
noun
: a piece of music that is meant to express a lot of emotion and does not have a regular form
: a written or spoken expression of great enthusiasm, praise, etc.
Full Definition
1 : a portion of an epic poem adapted for recitation
2 archaic : a miscellaneous collection
3 a (1) : a highly emotional utterance (2) : a highly emotional literary work (3) : effusively rapturous or extravagant discourse
b : rapture, ecstasy
4 : a musical composition of irregular form having an improvisatory character
Other forms: plural rhap·so·dies
Examples
listening to Mozart always left him in a rhapsody that lingered for the remainder of the evening
Origin: Latin rhapsodia, from Greek rhapsōidia recitation of selections from epic poetry, rhapsody, from rhapsōidos rhapsodist, from rhaptein to sew, stitch together + aidein to sing — more at ode.
First use: 1542
Synonyms: cloud nine, elatedness, elation, euphoria, exhilaration, heaven, high, intoxication, paradise, rapture, ecstasy, seventh heaven, swoon, transport
Antonyms: depression


17. so·bri·quet\ˈsō-bri-ˌkā, -ˌket, ˌsō-bri-ˈ\
noun
: a name or phrase that describes the character of someone or something
Full Definition
: a descriptive name or epithet : nickname
Examples
tagged her with the sobriquet “peanut” because of her diminutive size
Variants: also sou·bri·quet \ˈsō-, ˌsō-, ˈsü-, ˌsü-\
Origin: French.
First use: 1646
Synonyms: alias, byname, cognomen, epithet, handle, moniker (also monicker), nickname (also soubriquet), surname


18. trous·seau\ˈtrü-(ˌ)sō, trü-ˈ\
noun
: the clothes and personal possessions that a woman collects when she is about to get married
Full Definition
: the personal possessions of a bride usually including clothes, accessories, and household linens and wares
Other forms: plural trous·seaux \-(ˌ)sōz, -ˈsōz\ or trous·seaus
Origin: French, from Old French, diminutive of trousse bundle, from trousser to truss.
First use: 1817


19. ul·u·late\ˈəl-yə-ˌlāt, ˈyül-\
intransitive verb
: to cry loudly
Full Definition
: howl, wail
Other forms: ul·u·lat·ed; ul·u·lat·ing
ul·u·la·tion \ˌəl-yə-ˈlā-shən\ noun
Examples
Arab women ululating with grief
Origin: Latin ululatus, past participle of ululare, of imitative origin.
First use: circa 1623


20. zuc·chi·ni\zu̇-ˈkē-nē\
noun
: a dark green vegetable that is long and smooth and that has soft skin which can be eaten
Full Definition
: a smooth cylindrical usually dark green summer squash; also : a plant that bears zucchini
Other forms: plural zuc·chi·ni or zuc·chi·nis
Origin: Italian, plural of zucchino, diminutive of zucca gourd.
First use: 1925













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