Sunday, March 23, 2014

Conjunctive Adverbs


CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS

     When an adverb is used to connect other words, it is called a conjunctive adverb.

     A CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB is an adverb that acts as a conjunction to connect complete ideas.

     Conjunctive adverbs are often used as transitions. Transitions serve as bridges between different ideas.

     Conjunctive adverbs are preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma.

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FREQUENTLY USED CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS
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        accordingly                            finally                            nevertheless
        again                                      furthermore                    otherwise
        also                                        however                          then
        besides                                   indeed                             therefore
        consequently                         moreover                         thus
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The following examples show how conjunctive adverbs can be used to make transitions between different ideas.

EXAMPLES:    Maureen would have come with us; however, she had a project to
                          finish.
               
                           I arrived late; furthermore, I forgot my books.
 

     The table that follows illustrates a list of conjunctive adverbs and the ideas they connect.

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                   Conjunctive Adverbs                             Idea They Communicate
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also, besides, furthermore, moreover                                      addition
however, nevertheless, on the other hand, still                       contrast
else, otherwise                                                                         alternation
consequently, hence, therefore, thus                                       conclusion
for example, namely.                                                               exemplification
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CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS
Exercise


Name:________________________ Section:______________ Date:_____________


A. Encircle the appropriate conjunctive adverb to complete each of the following sentences.    


1. Several accidents have occurred on that ride; ( nevertheless, namely), people wait in line for  

    their turn on it.


2. I saw that movie; ( besides, however), I did not enjoy it.


3. The train arrived late; (also, thus), we missed the concert.


4. Finish your dinner; (consequently, otherwise), you will have no dessert.


5. Paolo is reliable; ( moreover, accordingly), he is never late.


6. The fans waited for hours; (furthermore, finally), the star arrived.


7. We wanted to go to Spain; (instead, therefore), we went to Italy.


8. Roberta didn't have all the ingredients to bake a cake; (otherwise, therefore), she decided to

    prepare something else.


9. The check was for more than the balance; (still, consequently), it bounced.


10. John refused to apply for the job; (moreover, thus), he wouldn't even discuss why.







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